Jordan / Politics /
King Abdullah 1
Arabic: ¢abdu llahi bni hussayn
(1882-1951) Ruler of Jordan 1921-1951, altogether 30 years. He was emir of Transjordan 1921-1946; king of Transjordan/Jordan 1946-1951.
King Abdullah of Jordan.
King Abdullah and Sir John Bagot Glubb reviewing their troops. Note the parading soldiers clapping hands.
Abdullah was a leader of the old school, great at securing power and taking control over territories. Both his claim on Jordan and later on the West Bank, resulted in internationally recognized solutions. He never managed, however, to achieve his ultimate goal: The formation of Greater Syria comprising Jordan, Syria and Iraq under a Hashemite dynasty
On internal matters, he did little to advance modern state structures. But he was a moderate politician, and positive to forming close ties with Western countries.
1882: Born in Mecca, as son of Sharif Husayn ibn Ali, the ruler of Hijaz.
1908: Abdullah's father is released from house arrest in Istanbul.
1912: Abdullah becomes the representative for Hijaz in the Ottoman parliament.
1916 July: Joins his father in the revolt against the Ottoman supremacy.
1917: When his father declares himself King of Hijaz, Abdullah becomes his Foreign Minister.
1921 January: Abdullah's forces enters the eastern part of the British Middle Eastern mandate, and sets up a government ruling from Amman.
July: The British offers recognition of Abdullah's regime if he accepts British supremacy. He accepts after demanding that there would be no Jewish immigration into his area.
1923 May 25: Abdullah declares Transjordan independent.
1928 April: Proclaims a constitution, giving all power to the king who would act through a legislative council.
1946 May: The British mandate of Transjordan ends, and the independent state called the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is formed with Abdullah as king.
1948 May: Abdullah becomes the commander-in-chief of hte united Arab forces attacking the newly formed state of Israel. Abdullah's army soon takes control over some parts of Palestine, corresponding to the are now known in full as West Bank.
1950: Abdullah enters into a non-aggression pact with Israel after clandestine meetings.
April: He officially annexes the West Bank as part of Jordan.
1951 July 20: Abdullah is shot dead by a Palestinian in East Jerusalem, as a retaliation for his policy of not aiding the Palestinians in a total war against Israel. He is succeeded by his mentally sick son, Talal.