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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Caliph / Abbasids /
al-Amin
Arabic: 'al-'amīn


(787-813) Caliph of Islam 809-813, belonging to the Abbasid Dynasty.
al-Amin came to mean little for the empire, both internally and in terms of territorial gains or consolidations. Most of his time was spent fighting a civil war (the 4th in Muslim history) against his brother, al-Ma'mun. The war ended with al-Amin being beheaded.

Biography
787 April: Born as son of Harun ar-Rashid.
809: With the death of his father, al-Amin becomes new caliph, instead of his older half-brother al-Ma'mun. This happens because his mother was of royal ancestry, while al-Ma'mun's mother was a Persian slave.
810: al-Amin appoints his son Musa as heir. This results in a bloody war between al-Amin and al-Ma'mun.
812: al-Amin and his forces are besieged in Baghdad by al-Ma'mun's troops.
813 September 24 or 25: Is executed by al-Ma'mun's troops, but against his brother's expressed will.




By Tore Kjeilen