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Anglo-Jordanian Treaty of 1948


A new agreement, following the Anglo-Transjordanian Treaty of 1923, required because King Abdullah changed the name of his kingdom from Emirate Transjordan to The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan.
The new treaty was signed in March 1948, and was meant to be valid for 20 years. The main principles in the agreement involved common war and foreign policies. Britain stationed military bases in Jordan, with the promise of mutual assistance in war, and with an annual subsidy to the king of £12 million.
But the treaty would prove to be shortlived. In 1953, Hussein became king, and in 1955 Amman saw massive demonstrations against the treaty, which people considered a humiliation to Jordanian independence. In October 1956, the parliament called for an abrogation of the treaty. In January 1957, Egypt, Syria and Saudi Arabia promised to replace the British subsidies for at least 10 years if the treaty would be broken.
The treaty was abrogated by the Jordanian king's initiative in March 1957.




By Tore Kjeilen