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Ancient Egypt
1. Introduction
2. People
3. Life styles
4. Culture
5. Education and Science
6. Society
7. Economy
8. Government
9. Cities and Villages
10. Language
11. Religion
12. Kings / periods
13. History
14. Map



























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1550-1295 BCE


Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / New Kingdom /
18th Dynasty



Kings
Years BCE
Ahmose 1 1550-1525
Amenophis 1 1525-1504
Tuthmosis 1 1504-1492
Tuthmosis 2 1492-1479
Tuthmosis 3 1479-1425
Queen Hatshepsut 1473-1458
Amenophis 2 1427-1400
Tuthmosis 4 1400-1390
Amenophis 3 1390-1352
Akhenaten (Amenophis 4) 1352-1336
Smenkhkare 1338-1336
Tutankhamon 1336-1327
Ay 1327-1323
Horemheb 1323-1295

Obelisk of Tuthmosis 1.  Temple of Amon, Karnak, Luxor, Egypt.
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Obelisk of Tuthmosis 1. Temple of Amon, Karnak, Luxor, Egypt.

Mask of Tutankhamon. National Museum, Cairo, Egypt.
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Mask of Tutankhamon. National Museum, Cairo, Egypt.

A sequence of Horemheb's making offerings to gods, first Osiris, then Isis, then Hathro. From Horemheb's Tomb, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.
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Horemheb is making an offer to Osiris. From Horemheb's Tomb, Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Egypt.

Dynasty of Ancient Egypt 1550-1295 BCE, 255 years, consisting of 14 rulers. It is defined as part of the New Kingdom, being its first period.
The 18th Dynasty represents one of the most impressive periods in Egyptian history. Several of the more famous rulers belong to it, like Queen Hatshepsut, Akhenaten, Tutankhamon and Tuthmosis 3. Perhaps in many ways the apex of the dynasty was with Tuthmosis 3 who initiated several attacks into foreign lands.
This dynasty was not a pyramid-building one, rather now, enormous temples were built. Graves were still linked to the barren soil, but now dug into the mountain sides. More than ever, the graves were richly decorated, but not by reliefs, rather paintings.
The dynasty begins with Ahmose driving the Hyksos out of Egypt, thereby bringing all of Egypt back under the control of one ruler. This was a process already begun during the 17th Dynasty. In many ways, there was no change from the 17th to the 18th Dynasty, as Ahmose 1 was the brother of Kamose, the last ruler of the 17th Dynasty.
Egypt during the 18th Dynasty was able to maintain good political and trade relations with the most important centres of the eastern Mediterranean basin. Many cultural elements were imported to Egypt, especially from Aegean territories.
Among the more fascinating periods of the dynasty was the short-lived monotheistic cult of Akhenaten, which often has been suggested as the mother of later monotheistic religions like Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The end to the dynasty seem to have clear links to Akhenaten's dramatic changes of the Egyptian society. Not only did he attempt to kill all previous cults, he also moved the capital. Some 9 years after his death or disappearance, Ay, an official at the court, was able to make himself king. He and his successor, Horemheb, also an official, were able to hold power for 32 years. After the two kings, a new dynasty would emerge, the 19th, with the great kings of Seti 1 and Ramses 2.





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By Tore Kjeilen