Jordan is by law a Muslim country, the king is a descendant of the traditional guardians of Mecca. Minority religious groups have autonomy in certain questions and Jordan is noted for religious freedom and tolerance.
Islam dominates the society, but Christianity is a vital force, Christians have a relatively higher level of involvment in fields of education, economy and the state.
Islam in Jordan
Around 95% of the Jordanians are Sunnis Muslims, with a Shi'is minority of less than 1%. Islam in Jordan is a mixture of the traditions of Saudi Arabia, Palestine and Syria. Practices are conservative but relaxed.
Since the 1980's, Islam has become a stronger force in society, and conservative ideas have gained ground. Behind this, was both a general revival in the Muslim world, as well as the work of the Muslim Brotherhood in Jordan that operated with the consent of the authorities. Although technically illegal by Islam, the use of niqab has increased strongly due to the common misconception that this is a true Islamic garment for women.
Modern Jordan has an apparently short Islamic history, there are virtually no mosques from before the 1940's.
Popular Islam in Jordan holds the belief in baraka connected to certain individuals and locations, as well as the belief in protective qualities in amulets.
Christianity in Jordan
Christians represent about 5% of the population of Jordan. As late as 1950, Christians made up 30% of the population. The Christians of Jordan are divided between several churches, a reflection of history, the many Christians have arrived in Jordan from many parts of the Middle East.
The largest Christian people are Palestinians, then Circassians and Armenians. Christians are not randomly distributed across Jordan, but form strong, but usually small communities. Although Christians in Jordan are fully aware that they have found safety in a country with a Muslim majority, their close organization reflects the memory that many have been driven out of their homelands by Muslims. Among towns of some size, only one in Jordan has a Christian majority; the small town of Fuheis, west of Amman. The city with the most Christians is Amman; here Christians to some extent have formed their districts.
Christians in Jordan celebrate their religious ceremonies in public.
Jordan is home to a few important Christian sites, the site on the Jordan river for the baptism of Jesus is the foremost.
Baha'i and Druze are religions that make little impact in the general society, confined to small communities.