Saudi Arabia / Politics /
Arabic: khalid bni 'abdul 'azīz 'as-sa¢ūd
(1912-1984) King of Saudi Arabia 1975-1982.
His political line was traditionalist-nationalist, opposing the modernizing line popular with other members of the royal family, among them some of the top ministers. Much because of religious tensions in the kingdom, Khalid supported stricter enforcement of conservative Islam in all sectors of life.
His rule as king was restrained by poor health condition; he was susceptible to heart attacks. This would eventually be what killed him. The future king Fahd, performed many of his duties.
Khalid was a quite popular king, especially among the Bedouins.
1912: Born in Riyadh as son of the ruler over Riyadh, Ibn Saud, later king of Saudi Arabia, and Jawhara bint Musaid al-Jiluwi.
His training involved Islamic sciences, riding, tracking, markmanship and attending daily assemblies with his father.
1929: Assisted his father in suppressing the Ikhwan rebellion.
1932: With the formation of Saudi Arabia, he becomes Governor of Hijaz.
1934: Is appointed Minister of Interior.
1962 September: Is appointed Deputy Prime Minister.
1963: Is appointed Commander of the National Guard.
1965 March: Named crown prince, after his older brother Muhammad had become ill.
1970: Khalid's heart condition worsens, creating much doubt in Saudi Arabia about his future ability to take over as king.
1975 March After the death of King Faisal, Khalid becomes new king. He names Fahd his crown prince, and gives him much authority.
April: Signs an agreement with Oman over a long disputed border matter (Buraymi Oasis).
1978: Khalid opposes strongly the Camp David Accords.
Undergoes open heart surgery.
1979 March: After that Egypt has signed a peace treaty with Israel, Khalid cuts off all links.
1982 June: Dies from a heart attack. He is succeeded by Fahd.