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Manisa





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Manisa

Manisa, Turkey.
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Manisa, Turkey.

City in western Turkey with 210,000 inhabitants (2004 estimate), situated on the northern slopes of Mount Manisa, in the river valley of Gediz river. An earlier name of Manisa is Saruhan. It is the capital of Manisa province with 1.3 million inhabitants (2004 estimate).
The main economic activity of Manisa is agriculture, producing wine grapes, olives, tobacco, sesame and cotton. Among modern industries, Manisa is a wide range of electronics industries. The surrounding lands extract magnesite, zinc and mercury.
Manisa has excellent connections with other urban centres by rail and road. Izmir is 25 km southwest and Akhisar 60 km northeast.
The main attraction of today's Manisa are 3 mosques, the Sultan mosque from 1522, the Great Mosque from 1366, and Muradiye Mosque from 1586.
Near Manisa lies the great ancient city of Magnesia ad Sipylum, which is note for its 12th century BCE rock carvings showing the goddess Cybele. It is believed that Phrygians or Hittites ruled over this area.

History
12th century BCE: The city Magnesia ad Sipylum is founded.
6th century: Magnesia ad Sipylum is conquered by King Cyprus 2 the Great of Persia.
1st century CE: Under the Romans it becomes a rich city, active in commerce. It is know first as Magnesiopolis, and is later named Megnesia.
1222: Becomes the capital of the Christian kingdom ruled by John 3 Ducas.
1313: Is conquered by Turkmen tribes, who changes its name in Manisa. It becomes the capital over their principality.
1390: The principality of Manisa is conquered by the Ottomans.
1402: Manisa is conquered by Timur Lenk, who restores the principality.
1410: Becomes part of the Ottoman Empire.
18th century: The local ruling family, the Karaosmanoglu uses their power to turn Manisa into an independent country.
1821: The Greek army occupies Manisa, and following wars results in the destruction of most of the city.
1822: The power of the Karaosmanoglu is broken, and Ottoman control restored.





By Tore Kjeilen