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Megiddo
Also called: Tel Megiddo




Megiddo, now in Israel
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Aerial view.

Ancient city and state of Ancient Palestine, existing from the 4th millennium to the 6th or 5th century BCE. The location corresponds to northern Israel, 30 km southeast of Haifa.
Megiddo was settled to some extent also into the 1st millennium CE, a 3rd century church has been found here.
Megiddo's importance came from its strategic position between two military and trade routes, that between Egypt and Mesopotamia, and that between Jerusalem and Phoencia. Strategic battles were fought here, both the aggressor and the attacked party were well aware that whoever controlled Megiddo, also had easy access to wide areas.
Armageddon, the term used in New Testament in conjunction with Day of Judgement, is directly related to Megiddo, Armageddon meaning Hill of Megiddo, Har Megiddo. The term once again reflects upon Megiddo's strategic importance; Armageddon being the decisive battle between good and evil.
The location is one of 26 layers of ruins, today adding to the height of the natural hill.

History
4th millennium BCE: Megiddo is first settled.
1454: Conquered by the Egyptian king, Tuthmosis 3.
Around 960: Rebuilt as a military centre by the command of King Solomon of the united Israel and Judah.
Around 930: Conqured by the Egyptian king, Shoshenq 1.
609: Battle between the armies of Judean king, Josiah, and Egyptian king, Neko 2, in which Josiah is killed.
Around 450: Last information about a settled Megiddo.
1903 CE: First excavations at Megiddo begins by German archealogists.
1918: During World War 1, a very important battle is staged here between British troops and the Ottomans, a battle leading up to the final defeat of the Ottomans.




By Tore Kjeilen