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Arabic: mu'adhdhin

The person summoning people to the mosque for salat, the five-time daily prayer of Islam.
Traditionally the muezzin calls out the adhan from the minaret, but in more and more mosques, loudspeakers have been installed.
The institution of the muezzin is from the prophet Muhammad's own time. The first muezzin was Bilal, who walked the streets to call the believers to come to prayer.
The specifics of the custom were undecided before the death of Muhammad: Where and how the summons to prayer should be carried out.
Trumpets, flags and lamps have all been employed to summon people to the adhan. Theoretically, had the debates taken a different turn, the role of the muezzin may have turned out differently.
The activities of the muezzin eventually developed into specific rituals. The uttering of the adhan could be heard all over the cities at certain times throughout the day.
The first muezzins used the roof of the mosque, or the adjacent streets, to call for people's attention. It is believed that the institution of the muezzin — the public crier — had already existed in pre-Islamic Arab culture.
The activity of the muezzin is also an art form, reflected in melodious chanting of the adhan.

By Tore Kjeilen