Bookmark and Share



























Open the online Arabic language course






Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj
Arabic: abū l-husayn muslim bni l-hajjāj al-qusayriyy al-naysābūriyy
Also written: Al-Muslim; Imam Muslim


(817 or 821-875) Sunni Muslim religious historian; collector of hadiths. His work is not considered reliable by Shi'is.
His work is known as Sahih Muslim, i.e. 'Authentic by Muslim', and is generally counted as the second most reliable collection of the words and works of Muhammad and the first Muslims. His work is divided into between 43 and 52 books, depending on the version used.
Its layout differs in a few ways from the collection of Bukhari. The traditions are not divided into chapters, and there is a great emphasis on the isnads (line of transmitters). In many cases, additional isnads are presented to prove validity for a tradition.
Muslim collected a total 300,000 traditions from his travels to Arabia, Egypt, Syria and Iraq. From this body of material, perhaps 9,200 traditions were verified. The number of verified hadiths is, however, not clear. Different sources regard it as between 3,000 and 12,000. This implies that certain traditions were duplicates, and some were assimilated in the process of compilation.
In his work, Muslim never set out to create a complete collection of traditions. His intent was rather to collect as many authentic traditions as possible. This resulted in his establishing several more authentic traditions than had been in circulation.
Muslim also wrote several other books, especially about fiqh legal techniques, but nothing of this has survived.

Biography
817 or 821: Born at Neyshabur (modern Iran).
840's: Studies under Bukhari and Ahmad bin Hanbal two of his teachers in the field of religious history and jurisprudence.
Around 860: Finishes his hadith collection.
875: Dies at Neyshabur, is buried at Nasrabad.




By Tore Kjeilen