Oman / Cities and Towns
Other spelling: Muscat
Capital of Oman with 550,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), situated on the Gulf of Oman, and flanked by rugged mountains. Musqat's centre represents a small part of larger Musqat, which has 30,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate).
Musqat, Oman.The Mutrah district with the Mutrah fort to the left, in front.
Old merchant mansions. Photo: naturalbornstupid.
Fort of old Musqat. Photo: Andries3.
The economic base is established by governmental administration and export of petroleum. Musqat is by any consideration a dominant centre of Oman, although the port activities have been moved to Minatu l-Fahl where refined petroleum is imported. The international airport lies at Riyyam. The city has a palace built for the sultan in 1970.
Musqat has excellent connections to other urban centres of Oman, mainly by highways. There is a modern port built at Mina Qaboos, and a port for large ships at Mina Fail.
6th century BCE: Musqat is an important port, and under control of the Persians.
1508: Portuguese take control.
1650: Portuguese lose control.
1741: Musqat becomes capital of the independent state called Musqat and Oman.