Bookmark and Share

Open the online Arabic language course

Nubia / Ancient religion
Ancient Nubian gods

Chapel dedicated to Dedwen, Kalabsha, Egypt.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Chapel dedicated to Dedwen at Kalabsha, Egypt.


Statuette of Sebiumeker.

Gods and goddesses originating in Ancient Nubian religion. Some of the Nubian gods were introduced to Egyptian religion, and the largest export was of Egyptian gods and goddesses into Nubian religion.
In most cases, it appears that the concepts of the gods survived the export, but their influence and strength often did not, largely because the higher positions were taken by local gods.
The well-known Egyptian deities revered by the Nubians were Amon, Anubis, Anuket, Atum, Bastet, Bes, Geb, Hapy, Hathor, Horus, Isis, Khnum, Khonsu, Maat, Ancient Egyptian Gods, Mut, Nekhbet, Nephthys, Nut, Osiris, Ptah, Re, Satet, Sekhmet, Seth, Shu, Taweret, Tefnut, Thoth, Wadjet and Weret-hekau.
Nubian gods and goddesses may also be referred to as Cushite, as this religious tradition belongs to the periods of the Cushite kingdoms.
As was the case with Egyptian deities, Nubian were represented in both human and animal form. Gods appear to have had earthly abodes; this tradition may well have predated the Egyptian establishment of Gebel Barkal as home of Amon. The power of having the highest of Egyptian gods in their vicinity was of course enormous for the Nubians, and would have long-lasting impact on Nubian beliefs.
It seems that the Nubians developed their own theories connected to Gebel Barkal; which may well have been in full correspondence with Egyptian theology. At Gebel Barkal, all gods were born, and not only that, from this point the creation of the world took place.

Protective goddess and wife of Apedemak, the lion-god. She was represented with a crown shaped as a falcon, or with a crescent moon on her head on top of which a falcon was standing.


ArensnuphisDetailed article

DedwenDetailed article

MandulisDetailed article

Lioness-goddess and wife of Onuris; she was in Egyptian myths told to be from Nubia. She appears to have been a vengeful goddess, representing the "Eye of Re." Another spelling was Mekhit.

God of procreation, originating in MeroŽ region. He was represented in human form. His main cult centres were at Musawwarat al-Sufra, east of the 6th catararct.
He was either associated with, or transferred into Atum, through Egyptian influences.

By Tore Kjeilen