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OAS
From French: Organisation de l'Armée Secrète



General Raoul Salan, one of the co-founders of the OAS.
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General Raoul Salan, one of the co-founders of the OAS.

Poster for OAS during the war, stating ''We will win''
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Poster for OAS during the war, stating ''We will win''

In Algeria, armed Christian resitance movement, fighting against the Muslim takeover of Algeria in the early 1960's. Their actions belong to the last period of the Algerian War.
The main slogan of the OAS was "Algeria is French and so it will remain".
Many Algerian Jews joined the OAS, after synagogues were attacked by the FLN.
OAS was active with sabotage and assassinations both in France and Algeria. The OAS attempted several times to assassinate French President Charles de Gaulle. One of the attempts has been filmed, The Day of the Jackal (1973).

History
1960 December 3: The OAS is formed by retired officers, Pierre Lagaillarde, General Raoul Salan and Jean-Jacques Susini.
1961 A French politician is killed after having stated that French power in Algeria was lost.
1962 March: The Algerian writer, Mouloud Feraoun, is killed, possibly by accident, as he was positive to French values.
— The Evian Accords which grants independece to the Muslim majority of Algeria. The OAS resists this, and its result of an effective expulsion of Christian and Jews.
April: OAS leader, Salan, is captured.
June 7: OAS activists, Roger Degueldre, Claude Piegts and Albert Dovecar, are executed.
July: The Oran Massacre, in which 3,000 Christians are killed by Muslims.
August 22: OAS member, Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry fails in his attempt to assassnite de Gaulle.
1963: During this year, the OAS would seize to exist.
— Bastien-Thiry is executed.
1968 July: An amnesty law secures the situation of OAS leadership.




By Tore Kjeilen