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Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres.
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Shimon Peres. Photo: Robert Maass/Corbis

(Born 1923) Israeli politician, prime minister (1977, 1984-86, 1995-96).
Peres has been a politician who have sought peace second to security for Israel. His willingness to give away occupied territory on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, can only be understood with Israel's need for peace with its neighbours, as well as pressure from the international community.

1923: Born in Poland.
1934: Peres' family settles in Palestine.
1977: Peres becomes leader of the Labour Party, and prime minister for the remaining 3 weeks before the elections, after Yitzhak Rabin had to resign.
1984: Becomes prime minister for the first half of the period in the coalition between the Likud Party and the Labour Party.
1986: When handing over the position of prime minister to Yitzhak Shamir, Peres becomes deputy prime minister.
1988: Peres becomes finance minister in a new coalition government.
1990: With the breakdown of the coalition, Peres resigns as finance minister.
1992: Peres loses in the elections for the chair of the Labour Party.
June: Peres becomes foreign minister in the new Labour government.
1993 September 13: Signs the Oslo Agreement in Washington, USA.
1994 December 10: Receives the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway, together with Yitzhak Rabin and Yassir Arafat.
1995 November: With the killing of Rabin, Peres becomes the new prime minister.
1996 May 21: Peres loses in the prime minister elections against Benjamin Netanyahu from the Likud Party.

By Tore Kjeilen