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Islam
Sharia

Islam / Apostasy
Ridda
Takfir
Kafir
Religious freedom
Ar-Ridda

Wars on the Arabian peninsula 632-636.



























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Islam /
Ar-Ridda
Arabic: 'ar-ridda
Also called: Ridda wars


War in Arabia 632-636, between the Muslims of Mecca and tribes around the peninsula.
With the death of Muhammad, the founder of Islam, in 632, communities in the outskirts of the early Muslim heartland refused to accept the supremacy of the new Muslim ruler, Caliph Abu Bakr. At some fronts there were fighting already in 632, other places there was only one battle fought, generally at a later stage of the war. When the war is named Ar-Ridda, this means "Apostasy War".
There are at least two explanations to the war. One states that there were several prophets in Arabia, who did would not accept the legitimacy of Muhammad and his followers. These used the death of Muhammad to try to break free from the control of Mecca.
The other explanation is that local rulers that were forced to formally become Muslims by armed missionaries had in reality not accepted Islam, nor the Islamic leaders. Their rebellion against Mecca was merely a war to reclaim lost independence.
At some point the war escalated, and tribes that never had been subjected to the armies of Muhammad joined in, attempting to get their hands on the vast lands that Abu Bakr controlled. Some also realized that the ways of the Muslims would cause a future war. Whereas the war early on showed a poorly administered Muslim army, the tide turned sometime in 634, when the Muslims became increasingly capable of suppressing their enemies. On its many fronts the Apostasy War lasted 3-4 years.
Among the most important battles of the Ar-Ridda, was the 632 battle at Dibba where the lands corresponding to modern United Arab Emirates were subjected.




By Tore Kjeilen