as-Sabah, Abdullah 3 bni Salem
¢ab allah bni 'as-sālim 'as-sabāh
(1895- 1965) Shaykh of Kuwait (1950- 65).
Abdullah was the son of Salem 1 (1917- 21) he therefore belonged to the Salem branch and 10 years younger than his predecessor, Ahmad 1 of the Jaber branch.
During his reign, Kuwait first gradually liberated itself from British dominance, but this eventually lead to independence for the country. There were several reasons for this development: Large oil revenues had given Kuwait much more power than before, the Suez-Sinai War of 1956 made the population of Kuwait more anti-British, and the fall of the pro-Western monarchy of Iraq in 1958 dwarfed the British power in the region. The arrival of independence came in a peaceful way.
1895: Born in Kuwait as son of Salim, who later became shaykh of Kuwait.
1938 July: Abdullah becomes president of the first elected parliament.
December: Shaykh Ahmad 1 has the parliament dissolved.
1950: Ahmad 1 dies, and Abdullah becomes new shaykh of Kuwait.
1956: Abdullah demands more freedom from the British to act in internal affairs.
1961 June 19: The Anglo-Kuwaiti Agreement of 1899 is abrogated, and United Kingdom recognize Kuwait as an independent country.
Shortly after the independence, Iraq claims that Kuwait is Iraqi territory. United Kingdom sent 6,000 troops to Kuwait to scare Iraq from intervening.
1962 November: A constitution is drafted. According to this, a National Assembly should be elected by a selection of the male population, that only represented 5% of the total adult population in the country.
1965: Abdullah dies, and is succeeded by Sabah 3 bni Salem, who belonged to the same branch as himself.