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Index / Peoples / Blacks /
Toucouleur


People of Senegal and southern Mauritania. In Mauritania they count about 150,000 (2009 estimate).
They call themselves Haalpulaaren, meaning "speakers of Pulaar", from their native tongue, Pulaar. The term used here is suggested either to be of French meaning "All colours", or from the term "People from Tekrur".
Traditionally they are sedentary farmers, and form close-knit society groups and follow a patriarchal social structure divided into strict hierarchies, 12 castes each with 3 classes.
Girls may marry at the age of 13.
They are Sunni Muslims since the 11th century. They largely belong to the Qadiriya order of Sufism.




By Tore Kjeilen