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Mesut Yilmaz



Mesut Yilmaz.
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Mesut Yilmaz.

(1947- ) Turkish politician, prime minister 1991, 1996, 1997-1998.
Yilmaz has as a politician been a moderate conservative, working for closer ties between Turkey and the EU. But he has not had much success in his work for preparing Turkey for EU membership.
He was in the middle of the 1990's the clearest candidate to the Islamist leader Necmettin Erbakan. He is also known for his hard line against the Kurdish separatists.

Biography

1947: Born in Istanbul.
1960's: Gets his education from the University of Ankara.
1983: Is one of the founding members of the Motherland Party, together with Turgut Özal.
— Is elected to the parliament, representing Rize.
— In Özal's new government, Yilmaz is appointed Minister of Information.
1986: Is appointed Minister of Culture and Tourism.
1987: Is appointed Foreign Minister.
1990: Steps down as member of government.
1991 June: Yilmaz is asked to form government.
November: Yilmaz' government is forced to resign.
1996 March: Following the general elections, Yilmaz forms a government together with his alliance partner Tansu Ciller and her True Path Party.
June: Following much rivalry between the coalition partners, the government is forced to resign.
1997 June: Following the Islamist regime of the Erbakan, Yilmaz becomes the preferred politician by the military elite, and can form his 3rd government.
1998 November: It becomes known that Yilmaz has helped a criminal in buying a state bank, and he loses a vote of confidence, and has to resign as prime minister.
2000 July: Is appointed deputy prime minister by prime minister Bülent Ecevit with responsibility for relations with EU.
2001 March: Yilmaz presents a programme for preparing Turkey for EU membership, and regulations for Kurdish rights, that is accepted by the government.
2004 July: Accused of corruption, Yilmaz is put under investigation.




By Tore Kjeilen