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Luxor



Luxor
Introduction

EAST BANK +32

1. Luxor Temple +7

8. Karnak +20

28. Mut temples +5

WEST BANK +46

33. Ramesseum +3

36. Colossi of Memnon

37. Valley of Kings +15

52. Medinet Habu +3

55. Hatshepsut +3

58. Mentuhotep 2 temple

59. Asasif Tombs

60. Merneptah +3

63. Amenophis 3 temple

64. Seti 1 temple

65. Valley of Queens

66. Tombs of Nobles +8

74. Workers' Village +5

79. Amon temple

80. Luxor Museum

81. Shopping; city life

82. Enjoying life

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LUXOR
Valley of the Queens


Luxor, Egypt

Luxor, Egypt


The Valley of the Queens holds far more than graves of queens. High officials had been buried here before the first queen. In addition, royal children were buried here next to the queens. There are 80 tombs all together, most are closed.
The tombs were built according to patterns from the Valley of the Kings, but on a smaller scale. The custom began sometime after 1300 BCE.
Most of the tombs are very simple, as well as uninscribed. The general layout is long corridor with antechambers and the burial chamber at the end.
The reason why Valley of the Queens is so high on the Luxor bill, is one grave in particular: Nefertaris, and the illustrations to the left and bottom are from this. Nefertari was Ramses 2's favourite wife, rising up to almost equal status as her husband towards his reign.
The tomb deals with two major issues, Nefertari's beauty and her religious zeal. There are no battle scenes or depictions of her good, worldly actions.
The quality of the wall paintings and the colour splendour rivals the very best found in the Valley of the Kings. But it is all extremely fragile, and 5 year long restoration work was completed in the early 1990's, where paint and stucco was re-adhered to the walls, everything without altering or adding anything.
In order to protect the tomb, only 150 visitors are allowed every day, and all must wear masks and shoe pads. Tickets are expensive, at EŁ100 (EŁ50 for students).
Other tombs to visit here are the ones of Queen Titi, and the infant princes Amon-Hir-Khopshef, Kheamweset and Seth-Hir-Khopshef. All the princes were sons of Ramses 3.
In the tomb of Amon-Hir-Khopshef are the walls full of images of Ramses 3 leading his son through the funerary rituals. The most unique part here is the mummified foetus that Amon-Hir-Khopshef's mother aborted through the grief over her son's death.
The other three tombs are inferior to the ones of Amon-Hir-Khopshef and Nefertari, but good indicators to how the majority of tombs were laid out.
Luxor, Egypt



By Tore Kjeilen