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1. Zoser's step pyramid

2. Entrance and Hall

3. Mortuary temple

4. Meet Zoser

5. Heb-Sed Court

6. House of South

7. Pyramid of Unas

8. Causeway; boat pits

9. Valley Temple

10. Tomb of Horemheb

11. Saite & Persian tombs

12. Sekhemkhet pyramid

13. Teti pyramid

14. Entering the tomb

15. Mastabas

16. Mereruka

17. Ti

18. Kagemni

19. Akhti-Hotep and Ptah-Hotep

20. Pyramid of Userkaf

21. 1. & 3.Dynasty Tombs

22. Philsopher's Circle

23. Serapeum

South Saqqara

25. Pepi 2 pyramid

26. Faraoun mastaba

27. Pepi 1 pyramid

28. Djedkare pyramid

29. Merenre pyramid

30. Ibi pyramid


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Zoser's step pyramid

Zoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Egypt

Stones used for building Zoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Egypt

Stones used for building Zoser's step pyramid.

Zoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Egypt. Here with some of the original casing

Southeastern corner, here with some of the original casing.

Zoser was a pharaoh of the 3rd Dynasty and ruled from for 20 years, from 2667 until 2648 BCE. For more information check the the Encyclopaedia: Zoser, Saqqara, Imhotep.
King Zoser's main architect Imhotep got a bright idea some time in the 27th century BCE. Why not repeat the tomb structure of earlier times, until it reached a summit? What better way of impressing the gods!
The old style tomb was the mastaba, a rectangular massive structure rising up from the ground anything between a few metres and up to 10.
With Imhotep 6 steps were built before beautiful white limestone casing was added. The pyramid of Zoser appears quite impressive to the eye as long as there were no other great pyramids to compare it with. But it was actually 4 metres smaller than the one of Menkaure at Giza. Moreover, the building technique was inferior to what was going to be applied at Giza. Instead of great stones, normal sized mud-bricks were used.
The pyramid is normally closed for entrance, but it is a theoretical chance of getting permission to enter from the Antiquities Inspectorate at the site.
Northern side of Zoser's step pyramid at Saqqara, Egypt.

Northwestern corner. This is the area of the mortuary temple.

By Tore Kjeilen