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1. Zoser's step pyramid

2. Entrance and Hall

3. Mortuary temple

4. Meet Zoser

5. Heb-Sed Court

6. House of South

7. Pyramid of Unas

8. Causeway; boat pits

9. Valley Temple

10. Tomb of Horemheb

11. Saite & Persian tombs

12. Sekhemkhet pyramid

13. Teti pyramid

14. Entering the tomb

15. Mastabas

16. Mereruka

17. Ti

18. Kagemni

19. Akhti-Hotep and Ptah-Hotep

20. Pyramid of Userkaf

21. 1. & 3.Dynasty Tombs

22. Philsopher's Circle

23. Serapeum

South Saqqara

25. Pepi 2 pyramid

26. Faraoun mastaba

27. Pepi 1 pyramid

28. Djedkare pyramid

29. Merenre pyramid

30. Ibi pyramid


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Zoser. Heb-Sed Court

The open southern court with the Heb-Sed court stretching out in the background

Among the most surprising of all traditions of Ancient Egypt is for me the Heb-Sed festival. This was held for any pharaoh who had been in power for 30 years. In the festival, the king was supposed to run back and forth over the court to prove his strength and good health.
Dignitaries and the most prominent judges would be seated on either side, waiting for this unique spectacle to take place. After the king had completed the run (if he hadn't been up to it, he would have avoided it altogether), a great celebration would take place, involving thousands of people.
This Heb-Sed court was however never used by Zoser, he died in his 19th year in power. But perhaps King Pepi 2 used it 400 years later? He stayed in power long enough to go through this ceremony 3 times.

The front of the Heb-Sed Court. Saqqara, Egypt

The inner section of the Heb-Sed Court. Saqqara, Egypt

By Tore Kjeilen