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Saqqara



Saqqara
Introduction

1. Zoser's step pyramid

2. Entrance and Hall

3. Mortuary temple

4. Meet Zoser

5. Heb-Sed Court

6. House of South

7. Pyramid of Unas

8. Causeway; boat pits

9. Valley Temple

10. Tomb of Horemheb

11. Saite & Persian tombs

12. Sekhemkhet pyramid

13. Teti pyramid

14. Entering the tomb

15. Mastabas

16. Mereruka

17. Ti

18. Kagemni

19. Akhti-Hotep and Ptah-Hotep

20. Pyramid of Userkaf

21. 1. & 3.Dynasty Tombs

22. Philsopher's Circle

23. Serapeum

South Saqqara

25. Pepi 2 pyramid

26. Faraoun mastaba

27. Pepi 1 pyramid

28. Djedkare pyramid

29. Merenre pyramid

30. Ibi pyramid

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SAQQARA
Pyramid of Userkaf

Pyramid of Userkaf, Saqqara, Egypt


Entrance to the Pyramid of Userkaf, Saqqara, Egypt

Userkaf was the first pharaoh of the 5th Dynasty and ruled for 8 years from 2494 until 2487 BCE.
There is little with Userkaf's pyramid to impress visitors. Most pass it, and with good reason.
Yet there are some details to look out for, should you be interested. First is, of course, the issue of location. Why did he place his pyramid so close to the 200 year older pyramid of Zoser? The location corresponds exactly to the northeastern corner of Zoser's pyramid. We might read into this that the pyramid of Zoser had risen to the highest religious importance; the architect of Zoser's pyramid, Imhotep, was eventually elevated to god.
The other point of interest is that the funerary complex was built to the south of the pyramid. This has been explained as a change in the religion towards the sun cult of Heliopolis.
The construction technique was based on the belief that the original casing would protect the inner structure. But the casing was removed by later house builders, and left was the badly built inside.



By Tore Kjeilen