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1. Zoser's step pyramid

2. Entrance and Hall

3. Mortuary temple

4. Meet Zoser

5. Heb-Sed Court

6. House of South

7. Pyramid of Unas

8. Causeway; boat pits

9. Valley Temple

10. Tomb of Horemheb

11. Saite & Persian tombs

12. Sekhemkhet pyramid

13. Teti pyramid

14. Entering the tomb

15. Mastabas

16. Mereruka

17. Ti

18. Kagemni

19. Akhti-Hotep and Ptah-Hotep

20. Pyramid of Userkaf

21. 1. & 3.Dynasty Tombs

22. Philsopher's Circle

23. Serapeum

South Saqqara

25. Pepi 2 pyramid

26. Faraoun mastaba

27. Pepi 1 pyramid

28. Djedkare pyramid

29. Merenre pyramid

30. Ibi pyramid


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Entrance to the Serapeum, Saqqara, Egypt

Sarcophagues inside the Serapeum, Saqqara, Egypt

The Serapeum has been closed for visitors for a few years now, unfortunately. Because the story relating to this underground temple or sacred ground is quite fascinating.
The Serapeum was the centre of a cult relating to the Apis bull, a bull selected from the sacred flock of bulls and cows. It was believed to be the incarnation of the blessed soul of Ptah and Osiris after his death. All through its life it was treated as a deity with its own priests and a harem of cows.
When it died it was buried at the Serapeum with the finest of ceremonies. The bull was lain in a sarcophagus which could weight up to 80 tons, and a new sacred bull was selected.
It is told that women during the first 40 days of the selection of a new Apis bull, would pose in front of it exposing their private parts for fertility.
The cult of the Apis bull lasted from early 14th century BCE until 30 BCE. The Serapeum was known of since ancient times, but not located until 1851 by Auguste Mariette. Despite the acts of robbers over long time, one sarcophagus was found intact, complete even with the fingerprints and footprints of the workmen.
The Serapeum was also used by dignitaries and princes as a tomb, people seeking the holy presence of the divine powers.
Corridor of the Serapeum, Saqqara, Egypt

By Tore Kjeilen