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Islam / The Koran /
Sura 37: The Ranks
Of Mecca


In the name of the merciful and compassionate God.

YA SIN

1 By the (angels) ranged in ranks, 2 and the drivers driving, 3 and the reciters of the reminder, 4 ‘Verily, your God is one, 5 the Lord of the heavens and the earth and what is between the two, and the Lord of the sunrises!’

6 Verily, we have adorned the lower heaven with the adornment of the stars, 7 and to preserve it from every rebellious devil, 8 that they may not listen to the exalted chiefs; for they are hurled at from every side, driven off, 9 and for them is lasting woe; 10 save such as snatches off a word, and there follows him a darting flame! 11 Ask them whether they are stronger by nature or (the angels) whom we have created? We have created them of sticky clay. 12 Nay, thou dost wonder and they jest! 13 And when they are reminded they will not remember; 14 and when they see a sign they make a jest thereof, 15 and say, ‘This is naught but obvious sorcery. 16 What, when we are dead, and have become earth and bones, 17 shall we then be raised? What, and our fathers of yore?’

18 Say, ‘Yes, and ye shall shrink up, 19 and it shall only be one scare, and, behold, they shall look on, 21 and they shall say, ‘O, woe is us, this is the day of judgment, this is the day of decision, which ye did call a lie!’ 22 Gather ye together, ye who were unjust, with their mates and what they used to serve 23 beside God, and guide them to the way of hell, 24 and stop them; verily, they shall be questioned. 25 ‘Why do ye not help each other?’ 26 Nay, on that day they shall resign themselves, 27 and some shall draw near to others, 28 to question each other, and they shall say, ‘Verily, ye came to us from the right.’ 29 They shall say, ‘Nay, ye were not believers, nor had we any authority over you; nay, ye were an outrageous people. 30 And the sentence of our Lord shall be due for us; verily, we shall surely taste thereof; 31 we did seduce you-verily, we were erring too!’ 32 Therefore, verily, on that day they shall share the torment: 33 thus it is that we will do with the sinners.

34 Verily, when it is said to them, ‘There is no god but God,’ they get too big with pride, 35 and say, What! Shall we leave our gods for an infatuated poet?’ 36 Nay, he came with the truth, and verified the apostles; 37 verily, ye are going to taste of grievous woe, 38 nor shall ye be rewarded save for that which ye have done! 39 Except God’s sincere servants, 40 who will be well provided for, 41 feasting on a stated provision of fruits, 42 and they shall be honoured in the gardens of pleasure, 43 upon couches facing each other; 44 they shall be served all round with a cup from a spring, 45 white and delicious to those who drink, 46 wherein is no insidious spirit, nor shall they be drunk therewith; 47 and with them virgins, restraining their looks, large eyed; as though they were a sheltered egg; 48 and some shall come forward to ask others; 49 and a speaker amongst them shall say, ‘Verily, I had a mate, who used to say, 50 "Art thou verily of those who credit? 51 What, when we are dead, and have become earth and bones, shall we be surely judged?"’ 52 He will say, ‘Are ye looking down?’ 53 and he shall look down and see him in the midst of hell. 54 He shall say, ‘By God, thou didst nearly ruin me! 55 And had it not been for the favour of my Lord, I should have been among the arraigned.’ 56 ‘What, shall we not die 57 save our first death? And shall we not be tormented?58 Verily, this is mighty bliss, 59 for the like of this then let the workers work.’

60 Is that better as an entertainment, or the tree of Zaqqum? 61 Verily, we have made it a trial to the unjust. 62 Verily, it is a tree that comes forth from the bottom of hell; 63 its spathe is as it were the heads of devils; 64 verily, they shall eat therefrom, and fill their bellies therefrom. 65 Then shall they have upon it a mixture of boiling water; 66 then, verily, their return shall be to hell. 67 Verily, they found their fathers erring, 68 and they hurried on in their tracks; 69 but there had erred before them most of those of yore, 70 and we had sent warners amongst them. 71 Behold, then, what was the end of those who were warned, 72 save God’s sincere servants! 73 Nuc [Noah] did call upon us, and a gracious answer did we give; 74 and we saved him and his people from a mighty trouble; 75 and we made his seed to be the survivors; 76 and we left for him amongst posterity 77 peace upon Noah in the worlds; 78 verily, thus do we reward those who do well; 79 verily, he was of our believing servants.’ 80 Then we drowned the others.

81 And, verily, of his sect was Abraham; 82 when he came to his Lord with a sound heart; 83 when he said to his father and his people, ‘What is it that ye serve? 84 With a lie do ye desire gods beside God? 85 What then is your thought respecting the Lord of the worlds?’ 86 And he looked a look at the stars and said, 87 ‘Verily, I am sick!’ 88 and they turned their backs upon him fleeing. 89 And he went aside unto their gods and said, 90 ‘Will ye not eat? What ails you that ye will not speak?’ 91 And he went aside to them smiting with the right hand. 92 And they rushed towards him. 93 Said he, ‘Do ye serve what ye hew out, 94 when God has created you, and what ye make?’ 95 Said they, ‘Build for him a pyre, and throw him into the flaming hell!’ 96 They desired to plot against him, but we made them inferior. 97 Said he, ‘Verily, I am going to my Lord, He will guide me. 98 My Lord, grant me (a son), one of the righteous;’ 99 and we gave him glad tidings of a clement boy.

100 And when he reached the age to work with him, he said, 101 ‘O my boy, verily, I have seen in a dream that I should sacrifice thee, look then what thou seest right.’

102 Said he, ‘O my sire, do what thou art bidden; thou wilt find me, if it please God, one of the patient!’

103 And when they were resigned, and Abraham had thrown him down upon 104 his forehead, we called to him, ‘O Abraham, 105 thou hast verified the vision; verily, thus do we reward those who do well. 106 This is surely an obvious trial.’ 107 And we ransomed him with a mighty victim; 108 and we left for him amongst posterity, 109 ‘Peace upon Abraham; 110 thus do we reward those who do well; 111 verily, he was of our servants who believe!’ 112 And we gave him glad tidings of Ishaq, a prophet among the righteous; 113 and we blessed him and Ishaq; of their seed is one who does well, and one who obviously wrongs himself.

114 And we were gracious unto Moses and Aaron. 115 We saved them and their people from mighty trouble, 116 and we helped them and they had the upper hand; 117 and we gave them both the perspicuous Book; 118 and we guided them to the right way; 119 and we left for them amongst posterity, 120 ‘Peace upon Moses and Aaron; 121 verily, thus do we reward those who do well; 122 verily, they were both of our servants who believe!’

123 And verily Elyas was of the apostles; 124 when he said to his people, ‘Will ye not fear? 125 Do ye call upon Bacal and leave the best of Creators, 126 God your Lord and the Lord of your fathers of yore?’ 127 But they called him liar; verily, they shall surely be arraigned, 128 save God’s sincere servants. 129 And we left for him amongst posterity, 130 ‘Peace upon Elyas; 131 verily, thus do we reward those who do well; 132 verily, he was of our servants who believe!’

133 And, verily, Lot was surely among the apostles; 134 when we saved him and his people altogether, 135 except an old woman amongst those who lingered; 136 then we destroyed the others; 137 verily, ye pass by them 138 in the morning and at night; have ye then no sense?

139 And, verily, Yunas was amongst the apostles; 140 when he ran away into the laden ship; 141 and he cast lots and was of those who lost; 142 and a whale swallowed him, for he was to be blamed; 143 and had it not been that he was of those who celebrated God’s praises 144 he would surely have tarried in the belly thereof to the day when men shall be raised. 145 But we cast him on to the barren shore; and he was sick; 146 and we made to grow over him a gourd tree; 147 and we sent him to a hundred thousand or more, 148 and they believed; and we gave them enjoyment for a season. 149 Ask them, ‘Has thy Lord daughters while they have sons? 150 Or have we created the angels females while they were witnesses?’ 151 Is it not of their lie that they say, 152 ‘God has begotten?’ Verily, they are liars. 153 Has he preferred daughters to sons? 154 What ails you? How ye judge, 155 will ye not be mindful, 156 or have ye obvious authority? 157 Then bring your Book if ye do speak the truth.

158 And they made him to be related to the jinns, while the jinns know that they shall be arraigned; 159 celebrated be God’s praises from what they attribute! 160 Save God’s sincere servants.

161 ‘Verily, ye and what ye worship 162 shall not try any one concerning him, 163 save him who shall broil in hell; 164 there is none amongst us but has his appointed place, 165 and, verily, we are ranged, 166 and, verily, we celebrate His praises.’

167 And yet they say, 168 ‘Had we a reminder from those of yore 169 we should surely have been of God’s sincere servants.’ 170 But they misbelieved in it but soon shall they know. 171 But our word has been passed to our servants 172 who were sent that they should be helped; that, 173 verily, our hosts should gain mastery for them.

174 Then turn thou thy back upon them for a time, 175 and look upon them, for soon they too shall look.

176 Would they hasten on our torment? 177 But when it descends in their court, ill will the morning be of those who have been warned! 178 But turn thy back upon them for a time; 179 and look, for soon they too shall look.

180 Celebrated be the praises of thy Lord, the Lord of glory, above what they attribute, 181 and peace be upon the apostles 182 and praise be to God, the Lord of the worlds!



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