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Carthage



Carthage
Introduction

1. Punic port

2. Tophet with child sacrifice

3. Antonine baths

4. Punic remains on Byrsa Hill

5. The museum

6. Building with columns

7. Theatre

8. Archaeological garden

9. Cathedral on Byrsa Hill

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CARTHAGE
Almost everything gone
Carthage, Tunisia

From Byrsa Hill, where you will find the best remains from the Punic era. This, however, is a Roman temple with a grand view over the Gulf of Tunis.


Carthage, Tunisia

—«Carthage est delenda.»
And they really did — destroy Carthage. It is hard to imagine that this place housed the most beautiful and the richest sea port of ancient times, lasting for centuries until the destruction by the Romans in 146 BCE.
Carthage was destroyed because this capital had a tendency of surviving any hardship caused by the Romans. And as Carthage was Rome's greatest contender for regional control and power, Rome felt that it could not rest until 3 years of destruction, concluded by 17 days of conflagration, had wiped Carthage out.
For a little bit more than 100 years Carthage was nothing but ruins and rubble. The Romans made Utica their capital. Then in 44 BCE, a Roman city was established where the Punic one had been.
The reconstruction was highly successful, and Carthage would rise to becoming the third largest and most important city around the Mediterranean Sea. Estimates show that between 200,000 and 700,000 lived here. So as the story goes, when Rome was crushed in the 5th century CE, Carthage thrived and prospered. Not before the arrival of the Arabs, did Carthage come to a final end.
But trying to discover the old Carthage, is difficult. Even if the "total destruction" left some of the structures of Carthage in good shape, the need for building material removed both ancient Carthage and the younger Roman structures.
For a long time, the world believe that all of the original Carthage was gone, and no few archaeological missions were launched before 1857.
Carthage, Tunisia

From the Antonine Baths.

Carthage, Tunisia

What Roman Carthage may have looked in the 2nd century CE.





By Tore Kjeilen